Rigorously updated and revised, "British Civilization" provides a comprehensive introduction to a wide range of aspects of today's Britain, including its country and people, politics and government, education, the economy, the media, arts, and religion. It includes: discussion of recent developments and topics of specific interest in British society at the moment such as GM foods, immigration, Britain's relationship with the USA and the EU, and the War on Terror new illustrations, cartoons, diagrams, graphs and tables expanded chapters a companion website.
"British Civilization" provides a comprehensive introduction to a wide range of aspects of contemporary Britain, including central and local government, the economy and industry, the law, media, arts, education and religion. This third edition has been completely revised and updated. It offers: vital historical context to 1990s Britain; a new chapter on the arts, leisure and sport; a thoroughly integrated analysis of gender, class and race; insights into the opinions and beliefs of the British people; extensive coverage of Britain in Europe and the world; new and useful illustrations for discussion; and critical issues and debates sections at the end of each chapter. Stimulating and accessible, the book presents a clear overview of Britain today.
A comprehensive introduction to a range of aspects of contemporary Britain, this text includes central and local government, the economy and industry, the law, media, arts, education and religion. This fourth edition has been completely revised and updated. It offers: historical context to late 1990s Britain; a new timeline; updated coverage of the British political picture including discussion of the 1997 General Election; integrated analysis of gender, class and race; insights on the attitudes of the British people to important issues; coverage of Britain in Europe and the world; and critical issues and debates sections at the end of each chapter.
This book is a lively and up-to-date account of the major developments in British society over the last 25 years. It is an excellent teaching text and an ideal companion volume to the highly successful textbook Contemporary British Society. Consisting of nine essays by leading sociologists, Social Change in Contemporary Britain examines some of the most important changes which have occurred during the lifetime of most students today. Areas which are discussed include: the decline of manufacturing industry; changes in higher education and the effects these have had on womens' employment opportunities; the development of pop music over the past 25 years. The volume also includes chapters on the changing sexual division of labour; Thatcherism and post-Fordism; changes in household structure and dynamics; new religious movements, and crime and policing from the 1960s to the 1980s.
Originally published: London : M. Joseph, 1990. With rev. pref.
Includes bibliographical references (p. -359) and index.
This title presents a though-provoking and engaging search for the true sources of power in Britain today. Paxman examines the pillars of the Establishment - their origin, influence and future. An unbiased journey down the corridors of power, "Friends in High Places" provides an incisive and insightful view of who really runs Britain.
"In British Cultural Identities" Mike Storry and Peter Childs assess the degree to which being British impinges on the identity of the many people who live in Britain. They analyze contemporary British identity through the various and changing ways in which people who live in the UK position themselves and are positioned by their culture today. Using examples from contemporary and popular culture, each chapter covers one of seven intersecting themes: place and environment education, work and leisure gender, sex and the family youth culture and style class and politics ethnicity and language religion and heritage. This third edition is fully updated to include environmental concerns, devolution, the infantilization of culture, binge-drinking and reality TV, 7/7 and terrorism, and the general shift from a literate to a visual culture.
In this, the firs of two self-standing volumes bringing "The New Oxford History of England" up to 1990, Brian Harrison begins in 1951 with much of the empire intact and with Britain enjoying high prestige in Europe. When the volume ends in 1970, the empire had gone, central planning was in trouble, and event the British political system had become controversial. In an unusually wide-ranging, yet impressively detailed volume, Harrison approaches the period from unfamiliar directions, focusing less on the politicians and more on the decisions the British people made largely for themselves.
Conventional views of the eighteenth century emphasize its political stability, aristocratic government, stately manners, and Georgian elegance. Professor Langford, however, also brings to life a less orderly world of treasonable plots, rioting mobs, and Hogarthian vulgarity. Using the latest research, and a wealth of original sources, often generously quoted, he tells a highly readable tale of remarkable contrast and changes. Pitt, Fox and Walpole rub shoulders with Dr Johnson, Pope and Fielding. This books shows the vitality and variety of an age often seen in static terms. This was, above all, a period of rapid commercial growth and burgeoning bourgeois pretensions. Many characteristic features of eighteenth-century life were the result. They included military success and imperial expansion, political maturation and economic development, cultural confidence and polite manners. But there were also tensions and contradictions. Evangelical enthusiasm jostled with scientific rationalism, oligarchical politics with popular insubordination, entrepreneurial opulence with plebeian poverty, sentimentality with utilitarian reform. Professor Langford examines all these features and explains the way they relate to each other. He demonstrates that this was a society constantly being stretched by change, and perpetually responding to its challenge.
England of the Plantagenet kings was a turbulent place. In politics it saw Simon de Montfort's challenge to the crown in Henry III's reign and it witnessed the deposition of Edward II. By contrast, ans as relief, it also experienced the highly successful rules of Edward I and his grandson, Edward III. Political institutions were transformed with the development of parliament, and war, the stimulus for some of the change, was never far away. Wales was conquered and the Scottish Wars of Inpedendence started in Edward I's reign, while Crécy and Poitiers were English triumphs under Edward III. Beyond politics, the structure of English society was developing, from the great magnates at the top to the peasantry at the bottom. Economic changes were also significant, from the expansionary period of the thirteenth century to years of difficulty in the fourteenth, culminating in the greatest demographic disaster of historical times, the Black Death. Embracing politics and government, kingship, the structure of society, France, Scotland, and Wales, as welle as areas such as the environment, management of the land, and crime and punishment, Michael Prestwitch's magisterial survey casts the plantagenet past in a new and revealing light.
The Black Death, the Peasants' Revolt, the Hundred Years War, the Wars of the Roses... a succession of dramatic social and political upheavals reshaped England in the period 1360 to 1461. In his lucid and penetrating account of this formative period, Gerald Harriss draws on the research of the last thirty years to describe late medieval society at its peak. The political narrative centres on the rule and eventual deposition of Richard II on charges of tyranny and the establishment of the House of Lancaster, which was in turn overthrown in the Wars of the Roses. Abroad, Henry V's heroic victory at Agincourt in 1415 opened the way to the English conquest and colonisation of Normandy and a projected union of England and France. Far reaching chenges occured in English society. The Black Death produced a crisis in agrarian structures, marked by the Peasant's Revolt in 1381 and the end of serfdom. A class structure emerged in landed society, with grades of knights, esquires, gentlemen and yeomen linked to the nobility through patronage and service. The marked individualism of this society was accompanied by a growing sense of national identity. Literature expressed an assertive patriotism, facilitated by the spread of London english as a standard language, while a spate of church building developed perpendicular as a distinctive national style. the increasing participation of the laity in the Church stimulated new forms of Catholic devotion and prompted the emergence of the proto-Protestantism of John Wyclif and the Lollards. Through a close examination of these aspects of late medieval England, Gerald Harriss traces its transformation from a feudal into a national society.
The nineetenth century was a period of striking developments, and subject to a great pressure of change. This process of change is the primary focus of the book. Organised into a series of thematic chapters, Black and MacRaild's wide-ranging text offers the reader an analysis of numerous spheres of human history: politics, empire and warfare; economy, society and population; religion and culture. The book also offers considered treatment of Scotland, Wales and Ireland, with a truly British (as opposed to English) perspective maintained throughout. With numerous illustrations, helpful explanatory tables, boxes and textual inserts, as well as a list of further reading with each chapter, "Ninteetenth Century Britain" is an excellent introductory text book for students of this most vital period in British history.
It is generally assumed that anthropologists do their research in remote and uncomfortable parts of the world- places with monsoons, mud huts, and malaria. In this volume, social anthropologist Kate Fox has taken on an altogether more enjoyable assignment, the study of the arcane world of British horseracing.
Britishness and Cultural Studies: Continuity and Change in Narrating the Nation is a collection of introductory texts for British Cultural Studies courses in Polish universities and colleges. Representing 'British culture' the authors acquaint students with Cultural Studies methodologies and practice, especially in multi- and cross-cultural contexts. Narration of national culture is examined from diverse perspectives: class, ethnicity and gender; history and postcoloniality. The interdisciplinary quality is achieved through analysis of literature, art, mass culture, international relations, myths and stereotypes. Students are encouraged to interpret contemporary phenomena such as globalisation, migration, tourism, the age of information, cross0cultural fertilisation and the rise of new qualities and values. Britishness... offers both academic and personal approaches to culture.
A portrait of Victorian society and culture, this text presents aspects of the age through profiles of pioneering figures. It covers attitudes to a range of issues from education, health and self-help to civic ideals and sexual identity. It includes essays on William Morris, Kipling's imperialism, the bourgeois cult of home and on Josephine Butler.
Written by leading international scholars, "Twentieth Century Britain" investigates key moments, themes and identities in the past century. Engaging with cutting-edge research and debate, the essays in the volume combine discussion of the major issues currently preoccupying historians of the twentieth century with clear guidance on new directions in the theories and methodologies of modern British social, cultural and economic history. Divided into three, the first section of the book addresses key concepts historians use to think about the century, notably, class, gender and national identity. Organised chronologically, the book then explores topical thematic issues, such as multicultural Britain, religion and citizenship. Representing changes in the field, some chapters represent more recent fields of historical inquiry, such as modernity and sexuality.
In 1970 the "cold war" wass still cold, Northern Ireland's troubles were escalating, the UK's relations with the EEC were unclear, and corporatist approaches to the economy precariously persisted. By 1990 Communism was crumbling world-wide, Thatcher's economic revolution had occurred, terrorism in Northern Ireland was waning, multiculturalism was in place, family structures were changing fast, and British political institutions had become controversial. This, the first thorough, wide-ranging, and synoptic study of the UK so far published on this period, has two overriding aims: to show how British institutions evolved, but also to illuminate changes in the British people: their hopes and fears, values and enjoyments, failures and achievements. It therefore equips its readers to understand events since 1990, and so to decide for themselves where the UK should now be going.
This is the only textbook which offers students a complete picture of Britain's population structure and an informed discussion of such topics as: the pressure of numbers on resources; the stagnation of population growth and the problems of an aging population; immigration and racial composition of the population; marriage, divorce, and the future of the family; and how population questions relate to regional problems, including labor migration and inner city depopulation and impoverishment. This study will prove especially useful for civil servants, journalists, and media people.